PARC was founded in 1983 by agronomists and veterinarians in order to serve farmers in the agricultural sector. Israel, like governments in many countries we import coffee from, had prioritized other industries and not invested heavily in agriculture—particularly in the Palestinian Territories. Ten years later the Palestinian Authority (PA) was established from the Oslo Accords, but vested interests in the PA were similarly disinterested in prioritizing agriculture.

SOFA and Bio Foods

The Small Organic Farmers' Association (SOFA) project began in 1993 with the vision to establish a prosperous community living in harmony with the environment, and today there are over 1,600 small-scale landowner members. Today, the majority of tea is still grown on monoculture plantations that stripe the soil of nutrients. Unlike this typical model, the SOFA members sustain the land by growing a variety of foods including pepper, cloves and ginger, but tea is their most important crop.


Initially funded by the United Nation's program to promote cacao cultivation as an alternative to growing coca leaves, ACOPAGRO is now an established exporter of quality cacao. The co-op, based in the San Martin region, has grown from 27 members in 1997 to more than 2,100 members today and is now the largest cacao exporter in Peru. In July 2012, ACOPAGRO won first place in the national quality competition, Concurso Nacional de Cacao, in Lima.


The Agrarian Coffee Cooperative of the Apurimac River Valley (CACVRA) was formed in 1969 to market coffee for small-scale farmers in Peru.

In the 1980s, the co-op and surrounding communities in the remote Apurimac Valley were severely impacted by the social and political conflict occurring in Peru’s Ayacucho Province. Within the last several years, CACVRA has recovered to re-establish strong export volumes of coffee, and has also become a significant producer and exporter of organic cacao to international markets.


CEPIBO was formed by small scale banana farmers located across northern Peru as a non-profit cooperative to provide access to the international market by representing, coordinating and marketing banana exportation for 12 grower associations.


La Asociación de Cañicultores Organicos de la Zona Central (ACOZC) was formed in 2002 to improve the livelihoods of small-scale sugar producers.


Cooperativa de Producción Agro-Industrial Manduvira Ltda (Manduvira Co-op) is located in the village of Arroyos y Esteros (Streams and Swamps), in the southwestern region of Paraguay.


Founded in 1952, the Multi-service Cacao Co-operative of Bocatoreña (COCABO) was the first agricultural co-operative established in Panama. COCABO is an organization of 1,500 small-scale cacao farmers.


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